New York Subway
The New York subway (Metro) is the most used means of transportation among New Yorkers. Subway is an easy and safe way to travel anywhere in New York City. The New York Subway runs 24 hours a day, 7 days per week, year round. With a MetroCard a single ride costs US$2.75 and is therefore one of the cheapest ways to explore the city.
New York Trains
New Yorkers call the subway lines “trains”. The New York subway has 468 stations and 24 different lines. They are identified by letters A, B, C etc. and by numbers 1, 2, 3 etc. These lines serve the Bronx, Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens.
The trains run every 2 to 5 minutes during peak hours, every 10 to 15 minutes during the day, and about every 20 minutes at night. The busiest times are usually on weekdays between 7:30 – 9:30 a.m. and 4:30 – 6:30 p.m. However, late at night I would recommend taxi especially if you are travelling alone to / from the outer boroughs.
How to ride on the New York Subway
Using the New York Subway is easy. Firstly, you’ll need a subway map to give you an overview of all of the trains and stations. You can download one here as a PDF or download my free Eric’s New York App for an offline map on your phone. Free maps are also available at many of the stations. On the map you can find your destination and the closest subway stop. If the stop has a black dot it’s a local train, if it has a white dot its an express train. Local trains stop at all stops, express trains stop at a few stops. If you need to travel to New Jersey, check PATH Train.
Once you’ve figured out which line you need to take, you can head to the nearest subway station. All stations are clearly marked with the entrance to the track heading north (Uptown and Queens) or south (Downtown and Brooklyn).
Note: The schedules can change a lot during weekends due to planned construction works. Always read the notices carefully that hang at stations. They will guide you to an alternative route.
To make travelling even easier, a number of stations in New York now have interactive maps. These maps are in the form of large touch screens that can help with getting to your destination. You can also see if there are any delays or power outages that may affect your journey.
What MetroCard to buy?
If you buy one ride, it will cost US$3.00. If you buy a Pay-Per-Ride MetroCard (MetroCard with a balance) with a balance, you only pay $2.75 per ride. Note that the destination doesn’t matter: it’s $2.75 however far you travel. If you credit your card with $5.50 or more, you will receive a 5 percent bonus. So, add $10 to your card, and you will receive $10.50 of travel balance. There is also an Unlimited Ride MetroCard available for 7 days that costs $33. This is very handy if you plan on using the subway frequently. Children who do not exceed 112 cm in height can travel for free on the subway, there is no age limit. Senior tourists pay the same rate as adults.
You can buy or add credit to your MetroCard at any station, either by using a machine or at a ticket booth. You can pay by cash or credit card. When paying at a machine you will be asked to fill in your ZIP code, simply fill in “10001”. For every new MetroCard you will be charged a US$1 fee, after that you can recharge it as often as possible without additional costs.
You can use your Pay-Per-Ride MetroCard with balance (NOT the unlimited) for several people (up to 4), which is something different from most other cities’ subways. All you need to do it swipe the card, then hand the card back to the next person. This is legal! It gives you a lot more freedom as well.
As in other countries, in New York there is a subway etiquette. These are a few of the things that you need to keep in mind:
- Offer one’s seat to a pregnant woman, families with children or an elderly person
- Don’t stare at people on the train, or the platform (or pretty much anywhere else)
- Don’t block the doors / space with large items of luggage
- Don’t stand in front of the turnstile trying to find your MetroCard
- Stay on the right side of the escalator so people can pass on the left