World Trade Center Transportation Hub
World Trade Center Transportation Hub is the official name for the PATH-station and the corresponding public transportation and shopping complex in the Financial District, Manhattan. After the 9/11 attacks, this area was entirely devastated. Reconstruction to the area soon began and in 2016, this process was crowned with the opening of the distinctive above-ground section of the complex, the Oculus. The World Trade Center Transportation Hub serves as a station for various forms of public transport in New York City and also houses a large shopping centre.
The World Trade Center Transportation Hub was designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. He created a large hall, fully lined with white marble. The hall is partially situated under the 9/11 Memorial and is connected to the impressive above-ground section, the Oculus. The Oculus is positioned between 2 World Trade Center and 3 World Trade Center and, according to the designer, represents a bird. In the roof of the Oculus is a narrow opening. Every September 11th at 10:28 am, the sun shines directly through the opening to the inside, this was the exact time when the second tower of the Twin Towers collapsed in 2001.
The World Trade Center Transportation Hub is owned by PATH, The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. The hub is a major PATH-station, where lines Newark – World Trade Center and Hoboken – World Trade Center connect. The station links the PATH-trains with various metro lines in New York and the nearby Battery Park City Ferry Terminal. The station is thus a ‘competitor’ of the two other major stations in Manhattan, Penn Station and Grand Central Terminal.
Westfield World Trade Center Mall
Another major function of the complex is that of a shopping centre. In the hall under the Oculus as well as in the towers 2 World Trade Center, 3 World Trade Center and 4 World Trade Center the Westfield World Trade Center Mall has been established. With close to 34,000 square meters of shopping space, this is the biggest shopping mall in Manhattan. There are even free movie screenings in the summer. Here you can read more about the Westfield World Trade Center Mall.